He is generally regarded as the founder of the modern Irish state, but the Fine Gael (political party) people look upon him as the father of their movement.
Neil Jordans movie on Michael Collins (1996) depicts the controversy of life and death of the political activists and places itself at the core of Irish political independence. The movie begins with the Easter Uprising (number of Irish men against British troops) at Dublin in 1916. The rebellion is halted by shooting down the Irish leaders and some taken to jail (Michael Collins was one of them). After release, he promises himself to avenge this event by using guerilla techniques instead of availing traditional warfare. Collins set out by starting to kill the British informants and thus destroying the Intelligence network. After the murder of a group of elite British Intelligence people on a Sunday, the Britishers set out for vengeance as well. Eamon de Valera, the Irish President was against this and ordered a traditional war against British. This resulted in a massacre of Irish troops. Michael Collins was sent to England to create a free Irish state and a loyal British colony in Ireland. This being unaccepted by the president resulted in a civil war and consequent death of Collins.
Michael Collins has been known as the father of modern terrorism and invented some techniques, which are alike to urban guerilla tactics of today. During world war I Ireland was under the British rule and the rebellion was essentially to free Ireland from British control. The idea of guerilla tactics was due to the fact that the big super powers (Britain and America) with large troops and greater availability of war resources believed in conventional war and to face them terrorists’ methods would be more appropriate in order to cover up the lack in numbers.