There are two types of Triage: Simple Triage often used in a mass casualty incident or scene of an accident so as to sort patients into those with less serious injuries and those who need critical attention and urgent transport to a health facility (Todaro, 2010 and Buchanan, 2000). It is usually done before transportation and patients are categorized by the use of printed tags or colored flagging. and Advanced Triage, in this, doctors may decide that some of the seriously injured individuals not receive advanced care since they are less likely to survive. Therefore advanced care is often used on patients with less serious injuries (U.S Dept. Transportation Emergency Response Guidebook, 2012). Advanced Triage hence has ethical implications. It is majorly used to divert the limited resources from people with minimal chances of survival ao as to improve survival of patients most likely to survive (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Building Air Quality, 2000).
Color codes are also used in scenes of accidents or disaster (Cravey, 2007). Some of the colors include: Red (T1) representing those in acute danger and requires immediate treatment and transport to hospitals. Yellow (T2) representing severe injury and requires constant observation, rapid care and transport. Green (T3) representing minor injury or no injury and requires treatment when practical and discharge when possible (Blythe, 2007).. Blue, White in USA (T4) representing those with no or small survival chance and requires observation and administration of analgesics if possible. and Black (T5) representing the deceased requiring collection and guarding of bodies and identification when possible (Cumming, 2006 and Brooks, 2003).