In the emerging media landscape the focus of literacy has been radically changed from being focused on an individual to a communal involvement, the new model for literacy inculcates a myriad of skills acquired through collaborative networking such as multitasking, distributed cognition simulation and appropriation among others. The study surmises that teachers and parents have crucial roles to play in promoting and adding value to the new experiences that the children acquire online, their children is ultimately there are issues in which children would benefit from.
The study cites real life examples of the participatory culture such as Blake Ross, the founder of Firefox browser, he was hired by Netscape at age fourteen and by then he had developed (not in school) programming and web design skill. He was frustrated by the decisions made by the corporate bosses an through the participation of hundreds of people in an online community, he developed Firefox which now has over 60 times as many users as Netscape. Josh Meeter has a similar story and he created the Clayman animations, which through networking, found their way to Stephen Spielberg and sparked off a promising career in movies. According to Jenkins these youth possess and display skills in politics, management creative leadership and many others, which they ironically did not learn in a formal setting, indeed many of them quit school out of frustration. According to the Jenkins et al (2006), the culture facilitates for increased participation by all the members and even those who do not participate feel they have the power to do so should they want to, the youth link in these symbiotic partnership online and each feels they are benefiting or contributing something.