Instructions:Your answers need to be at least a paragraph for each question and include at least 2 in text citations for each question. The answers need to also be in correct APA formatting. Questions to answer • • • • • • Do you have an estimate of home many people are affected by COPD in U.S.? Who is more prone to be affected by heart diseases, women, or men? Could you describe the most common sign and symptoms of asthma? How is smoke exposure associated with cardiac arrest? What are the other components that exacerbate asthma? How many lives are affected yearly in the United States due to wildfires? Would a Public Health Approach to Wildfires Decrease Rates of Cardiopulmonary Disease for Americans ? Kaytlin De Los Santos October 12,2022 Introduction •Wildfires: uncontrollable & unplanned fires excessive dry heat natural causes •Purpose: is to present evidence that approaching wildfires from a public health perspective would decrease cardiopulmonary disease for Americans Evidence of Connection: Wildfires & Cardiopulmonary Disease The essence of the human cardiac and respiratory systems cannot be invalidated as they comprise organs and systems used to ensure continuous blood flow and oxygen supply in the body. blood & oxygen carried thru the body. via circulatory & respiratory systems Respiratory system collection of organs & tissues, faciliate breathing Smoke pollution air pollution gasses and particulate matter causing difficulty breathing A study published In the journal Cardiovascular health impacts of wildfire smoke exposure found that health impacts of wildfire smoke exposure have not demonstrated a causal relationship for both wildfire smoke exposure as well as negative cardiovascular effects COPD is chronic inflammation of the lungs that causes obstructive airflow to the lungs. wheezing chest tightness lack of energy shortness of breath Particle pollution main contaminant in wildfire smoke Tiny particles lodge into the lungs Particles third in diameter of strand of hair in size Heart disease: refers to several heart conditions determined by different tests. Coronary heart disease Strokes and TIAs Peripheral arterial disease Aortic disease Smoke exposure is associated with cardiac arrest Exposure to tiny particles difficult to breathe causing lack of oxygen in the body. Asthma: A condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. Catastrophic wildfires exacerbate asthma symptoms. Symptoms coughing wheezing lack of breath tight feeling in the chest. Asthma: A condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. Catastrophic wildfires exacerbate asthma symptoms. Symptoms coughing wheezing lack of breath tight feeling in the chest. Economic Burden: Healthcare cost, Loss of growth & restoration of buildings Healthcare cost Wildfire being the cause of health concerns, the treatment, diagnosis, and care for such illnesses can lead to a high healthcare cost. COPD United States are $32 billion additional variable cost of $20.4 billion Asthma estimated to be $3266 dollars Heart Disease Insurance companies pay $38,501 within the first 90 days after a heart attack. Loss of growth •Wildfire prone areas tend to have less labor as people fear loss of life. •Number of lives lost in wildfires incredibly leads to less labor. •Destroy crops hence making losses in revenue from these crops and making it timely and costly to replant these crops. Restoration of Buildings Buildings tend to be costly to repair and rebuild. Damaged homes are also costly to build as they may lead to more labor and material and financial costs. Origin of injustice: Wildfires as a Public Health Issue •Between 1960-1999 nearly 141 million acres of land across the country lost due to wildfires. •In 2000 and 2013 Wildfires burned approximately 161 million acres in the United States. •More land was lost in a single decade than in the previous 40 years put together. driven by climate change policies put in place protections within such populations Causes Causes Occupation Hazard •Firefighters confront numerous risks on the job, and not just from caring for vulnerable people •Workers on the fire line also risk being trapped by flames Particulate Matter •Fine and ultrafine particles present in smoke have been linked to early death •Exposure to (PM) has been associated with a wide range of negative health consequences Money, and Control FPInnovations •national not-for-profit organization value from Canada's forests through innovation. •Wildfires present opportunities for FPInnovations develop new technologies products to help the forest sector recover and rebuild. Labor Force Quality Service Legislative Western Wildfire Support Act of 2021 •Introduced by: Sen. Cortez Masto, Catherine July 20th, 2021 •establishes activities to address wildfires. •Western states eligible to resources needed for wildfires •Encompass preparing for and responding to aftermath •Provides funding for aircraft to be used in suppression efforts. Cultural Norms Campfires should never be left unattended. Smoking should never be done near dry plants. Campfires should never be built in places with a history of wildfires. Ethical Obligations American Nurses Association investing in all aspects of nursing by funding programs that support the profession — raising the bar and empowering nurses to transform health care and improve lives. Rural Metro – A Global Medical Response Solution conceived by a 22-year-old journalist, Lou Witzeman, working for the Arizona Times. •assisting patients with daily living activities •assisting patients with medicine •offering information and assistance to patients and families, •providing aid with everyday living activities Solutions The public health system can create solutions by providing: Improve wildfire management policies. Providing access to affordable housing in areas prone to wildfire. Increase awareness of social and environmental injustices. • Consequences of continued action Cardiopulmonary disease are a public health issue due to: Exposure to smoke and pollutants cause worsen respiratory problems Healthcare cost rising Loss of growth, such as crops and labor market Restoration of the buildings • Wildfires should be approached as a public health issue to ensure each American safety and medical condition.