Test your knowledge of this chapter’s material by determining whether the following statements are true or false. Be sure to compare
your answers with the answers on page 360.
1. Police have three roles that often conflict when dealing with juveniles.
2. Juveniles are treated differently than adults during police interactions.
3. The probation officer role is central to the juvenile justice system and sets it apart from the adult system.
4. One of the most important rules of the juvenile justice system is that juveniles must be handled in the juvenile system and
cannot be seen in the adult system until they are 18.
5. Juveniles do not have a constitutional right to bail.
6. In order for states to get some of their juvenile justice funding, they must show they are trying to decrease disproportionate
minority contact in the juvenile justice system.
7. The overrepresentation of youth of color in the juvenile justice system has been stopped due to careful attention at all stages
to individual and institutional racism.
8. Crossover youth are those who have had success in the juvenile justice system and learned how not to break the law
1. What are the implications of the quote, “A judge would not want to look like he’s not taking this seriously”?
2. Make an argument for and against the following three scenarios: (a) all juveniles under the age of 18 must be tried in juvenile
court, (b) if juveniles are tried and convicted in an adult court, the state must have a separate prison facility for them until
they are 21, and (c) if juveniles are tried and convicted in adult court, the state may proceed as it does now, housing juveniles
in whatever facility seems appropriate.
Source: Duncan, I., & Wenger, Y. (2012). Charging juveniles as adults not unusual: Law requires prosecutors to charge many teens
as adults for specific set of crimes. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved from www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic © The Baltimore
Sun. Reprinted with permission.
with any paper
1. What are the pros and cons of pleading guilty in juvenile court?
1. What can you imagine producing a zine about? How would you put one together to integrate the stories of young people and
the research you are learning in this class?
Source: Adapted from Juvenile Injustice. (2011). The “Cradle to Prison Pipeline” Zine Series. Retrieved from
1. How do youth experience structured abuse in group homes and what function does it serve for the institution?
2. How are youth criminalized and dehumanized in group homes?
Source: Victory, O. (2016). “All I wanted was someone to be there”: Surviving the structured abuse in group homes. Unpublished master’s
thesis, Department of Sociology, California State University, San Marcos.
1. Explain the three roles of law enforcement.
2. Explain, according to the Supreme Court, when a juvenile is considered in custody of the police.
3. How might it be that diversion can contribute to the process of net-widening?
4. What are the pros and cons of plea bargaining for a juvenile?
5. Describe the percentage breakdown of dispositions.
6. How does the process of cumulative disadvantage work in the juvenile justice process?
7. What is the relationship between race/ethnicity and unequal treatment during the juvenile justice process?
8. What is the relationship between gender and unequal treatment during the juvenile justice process?
9. Explain the juvenile dependency process. How does it interact with the juvenile justice (court) process?
Chapter Pretest Answers