4.10 Identify an individual you would call a business leader. Search the Web for information on this individual. What pieces of information cause you to consider this individual a leader?
4.11 Go to the Web site www.debian.org/devel/leader and evaluate the role of the project leader in the Debian Project. What is it about the duties and background of the project leader that lets us view him as this project’s leader?
4.12 Knut Yrvin functions as the team leader for an initiative to replace proprietary operating systems with Linux-based technology in schools in Norway (the project is named “Skolelinux”). Read his interview at http://lwn.net/ Articles/47510/. What clues do you find in this interview
regarding his view of the job of project leader and how he leads projects?
4.13 Project champions can dramatically improve the chances of project success, but they can also have some negative effects. For example, projects championed by a well-known organizational member are very difficult to kill, even when they are failing badly. Read the article on blind faith posted at www.computerworld.com/s/article/78274/Blind_ Faith?taxonomyId=073. What does the article suggest are some of the pitfalls in excessive championing by highly placed members of an organization?
4.14 Search the Web using the key words “construction project corruption.” The link: https://www.weforum.org/ agenda/2016/02/why-is-the-construction-industry-socorrupt-and-what-can-we-do-about-it/ identifies several reasons why the construction industry is particularly prone
to corruption. Choose a project setting and apply as many of these reasons as you can to that project. Identify the ways that corrupt practices can adversely affect that project.
PMP CERTIFICATION SAMPLE QUESTIONS
4.15 The project manager spends a great deal of her time communicating with project stakeholders. Which of the following represent an example of a stakeholder group for her project?
a. Top management
c. Project team members
d. Functional group heads
e. All are project stakeholders
4.16 Effective leadership involves all the following, except:
a. Managing oneself through personal time management, stress management, and other activities
b. Managing team members through motivation, delegation, supervision, and team building
c. Maintaining tight control of all project resources and providing information to team members only as needed
d. Employing and utilizing project champions where they can benefit the project
4.17 A project manager is meeting with his team for the first time and wants to create an environment in which relationships develop positively. Which of the following guidelines should he consider employing to create an effective partnership with his team?
a. The right to say no
b. Joint accountability
c. Exchange of purpose
d. Absolute honesty
e. All are necessary to create a partnership
4.18 Joan is very motivated to create a positive project experience for all her team members and is reflecting on some of the approaches she can take to employ leadership, as opposed to simply managing the process. Which of the following is an example of a leadership practice she can use?
a. Focus on plans and budgets
b. Seek to maintain the status quo and promote order
c. Energize people to overcome obstacles and show personal initiative
d. Maintain a short-term time frame and avoid unnecessary risks
4.19 Frank has been learning about the effect of emotional intelligence on his ability to lead his project effectively. Which of the following is not an example of the kind of emotional intelligence that can help him perform better?
a. Self-awareness and self-regulation
c. Social skills
d. Results orientation (work to get the job done)
4.20 What is the PRIMARY objective of the project manager?
a. To follow PMI’s processes and get certified
b. To amaze the customer c. To deliver maximum value to the organization
d. To deliver the agreed-upon scope of the project within the time and budget constraints
4.21 The best way you can help your project as its leader is to:
a. Manage an open and active communication network among all key stakeholders
b. Present your team with a clear vision of the critical nature of the project and your goals for it
c. Develop motivational techniques that match the needs of each of your team members
d. All of these are critical leadership skills that should be used
4.22 What is the most important function the project manager serves?
4.23 An emotional intelligence trait that is critical to effective leadership is:
c. Conflict avoidance
d. Team member awareness
4.24 Sarah is a senior manager who, although not part of the project team, has worked actively with members of a critical project, helping them acquire additional resources, coordinating their activities with other senior executives from different departments, and at times serving as an emotional cheerleader to keep the energy and enthusiasm high among the team. What would Sarah’s role on the project be considered?
a. Project manager
b. Chief Executive Officer
d. None of these are her role
4.15. e—Remember that stakeholders are defined as any group, either internal or external, that can affect the performance of the project.
4.16. c—Leadership requires allowing workers to have flexibility, providing them with all relevant information, and communicating project status and other pertinent information.
4.17. e—All of these are necessary characteristics in promoting partnership between the project manager and the team.
4.18. c—Energizing people to overcome obstacles is a critical component of leadership, as opposed to a philosophy of management.
4.19. d—Although results orientation can be a useful element in a project leader’s skill set, it is not an example of emotional intelligence, which is often manifested through relationship building with others.
4.20. d—your job as project manager is to complete the project scope within the constraints of time and budget.
4.21. d—the leadership behaviors of the vision development, communication, and motivation are all critical to effective project team management.
4.22. a—communicating is the most important function because research suggests that project managers spend 90% of their time communicating.
4.23. b—empathy is a critical trait of emotional intelligence.
4.24. c—Sarah would be considered a project champion.
We can do it today.
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