Test your knowledge of this chapter’s material by determining whether the following statements are true or false. Be sure to compare your answers with the answers on page 214.
1. There is a greater percentage of children in two-parent households than any other type of household.
2. Family structure is a stronger predictor of delinquency than family process.
3. Gender, race, class, and age have an impact on how juveniles experience family relationships.
4. An egalitarian household is one in which both partners earn the same amount of money.
5. Older children are more likely to be maltreated than younger children.
6. Neglect is the most likely form of maltreatment that children experience.
7. Black children have the highest rates of maltreatment.
8. Girls who run away from home are more likely to report sexual abuse than boys who run away from home.
9. LGB teens are one of the largest subgroups of teens to run away.
10. Parental incarceration affects all children equally.
11. When a father is incarcerated a significant majority of children are cared for by the other parent.
12. Foster youth are more likely to be absent from school than non-foster youth.
1. Listen to one of the podcasts discussed here or find one of your own on gay and lesbian parenting or parenting gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning youth. What is one thing that was brought up in this podcast that you had not been aware of or made you think about parenting in a way you have not before?
Sources: Adapted from Transwaves. (2015). Episode 11: On Parents. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/transwaves; Trans Youth Equality Foundation. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.transyouthequality.org; The Longest Shortest Time Podcast. (2015). Episode #60: The Accidental Gay Parents. Retrieved from http://longestshortesttime.com/podcast-60-accidental-gay-parents/
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1. While the example of this California law targets “chronic truancy,” many of these laws use much broader language, for example, “contributing to the delinquency of a minor”; in these laws, youth misbehavior beyond just truancy could get parents in trouble with the law. What are the pros and cons of such a law? Can you think of any instances in which these laws would be used in an unequal manner? Do you think such laws may be effective in curbing juvenile delinquency?
1. Is there a link between women in the workforce and broken homes?
2. What else was happening in 1943 that might have had an impact on youth and their behavior?
3. Could there be other political reasons linked to the late 1930s and early 1940s that might have caused legislators to want women to curb their workforce participation?
4. Do you think that the state should be able to call on women to not work?
5. Why not call on men to not work?
Source: Mothers’ job curb urged in drive on delinquency. (1943). Los Angeles Times, July 27.
What family interventions might be created in order to lower the risk of LGB youth becoming homeless?
1. What is the relationship of family structure and delinquency? Does it matter if we think of family structure as representing a stressful event such as divorce, or if we think of family structure as representing the amount of resources available to a child?
2. What do we mean by family process? What is the impact of family process on delinquency?
3. Explain the intersections of race, gender, and class on the relationship between the family and delinquency.
4. Explain the nature and extent of child maltreatment in the United States. Discuss the relationship between child maltreatment, delinquency, and the juvenile justice system.
5. How does increasing incarceration (mass imprisonment) affect the family in general, youth in particular, and juvenile delinquency?
6. Given the increases in incarceration and the impact on families and youth, how do you feel about a bill of rights for children of incarcerated parents? Explain.
7. In many states, there are guidelines for how long a child can remain in foster care before the state starts the process of terminating the rights of the parent. What are the guidelines for your state? What are the instances in which you believe that terminating
parental rights is warranted? Is going to jail enough to start the termination process? Should it depend on the crime for which the parent is incarcerated? Is there ever a reason to terminate parental rights? How do these policies disproportionately affect people of color and women?
Chapter Pretest Answers